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Hurricane Season
Hurricane Season: City of Casselberry’s Safety and Preparedness Resource

Hurricanes are violent tropical storms with sustained winds of at least 74 mph. They form over warm ocean waters - usually starting as storms in the Caribbean or off the west coast of Africa. As they drift slowly westward, the warm waters of the tropics fuel them. Warm, moist air moves toward the center of the storm and spirals upward. This releases torrential rains. As updrafts suck up more water vapor, it triggers a cycle of strengthening that can be stopped only when contact is made with land or cooler water. Hurricane season is typically from June 1st to November 30th.

Scale
Number
(Category)
Sustained
Winds
(MPH)
Damage Storm
Surge
1 74 - 95 Minimal: Unanchored mobile homes,
vegetation and signs.
4 - 5 feet
2 96 - 110 Moderate: All mobile homes, roofs
small crafts, flooding.
6 - 8 feet
3 111 - 130 Extensive: Small buildings, low-lying
roads cut off.
9 - 12 feet
4 131 - 155 Extreme: Roofs destroyed, trees
down, roads cut off, mobile homes
destroyed. Beach homes flooded.
13 - 18 feet
5 More than 155
Catastrophic: Most buildings
destroyed. Vegetation destroyed.
Major roads cut off. Homes flooded.
Greater
than 18 feet

Terms to Know
Hurricane Watch: Hurricane conditions are possible within the specified coastal area. Because hurricane preparedness activities become difficult once winds reach tropical storm force, the hurricane watch is issued 48 hours in advance of the anticipated onset of tropical-storm-force winds.

Hurricane Warning: Hurricane conditions are expected in the specified area of the warning.

Tropical Storm Watches and Warning: Take these alerts seriously. Although tropical storms have lower wind speeds than hurricanes, they often bring life threatening flood and dangerous winds. Take precautions!

Prepare before the season:
Basic services such as electricity, gas, water, sewage treatment, and telephones may be cut off for days, or even a week or longer. Or, you may have to evacuate at a moment’s notice and take essentials with you. Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but they cannot reach everyone immediately. You could get help in hours, or it might take days.

  • Pack a basic disaster supplies kit: water, food, first aid supplies, clothing, bedding and sanitation supplies, tools and special items. Keep the items that you would most likely need during an evacuation in an easy-to-carry container. Possible containers include a large, covered trash container; a camping backpack; or a duffle bag
  • Determine safe evacuation routes inland
  • Learn location of official shelters
  • Make emergency plans for pets
  • Check emergency equipment such as flashlights, generators , cell phones and battery-powered National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather Radio
  • Buy plywood or other material to protect your home
  • Clear loose and clogged rain gutters and downspouts
  • Review your insurance policy

Flood insurance is the only way to financially protect your property or business from flood damage. To learn more about your flooding risk and how to protect yourself and your business, visit the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) Web site, www.floodsmart.gov or call 1-800-427-2419.

Shelter Locations
Lake Brantley High 991 Sand Lake Rd. Altamonte Springs
English Estates Elementary 299 Oxford Rd. Fern Park
Lake Mary High 685 Longwood/Lake Mary Rd Lake Mary

For a complete listing of shelter locations and additional information on emergency planning: www.prepareseminole.com

During the Storm
When in a Watch area:
  • Listen frequently to radio, TV or NOAA Weather Radio for bulletins of a storm’s progress
  • Fuel and service your vehicles
  • Inspect and secure mobile home tie-downs
  • Board up windows in case the storm moves quickly and you have to evacuate
  • Stock up on batteries, food that will keep, first aid supplies, drinking water and medications
  • Store lawn furniture and other loose, light-weight objects, such as garbage cans and garden tools

After the Storm
Keep listening to the radio and TV and wait until an area is declared safe before entering. Watch for closed roads, and if you come upon a barricade or flooded road, turn around! Avoid weakened bridges and washed out roads. Stay on firm ground as moving water only 6 inches deep can sweep you off your feet. Standing water may be electrically charged from power lines.

The Recovery Process
For direct assistance to individuals’ and families’ immediate needs contact the American Red Cross or other local voluntary agencies. Check newspapers, television, or radio news for information on disaster assistance available. If you have property damage, contact your insurance company as soon as possible.

  • Seminole County Citizen Information Line: (407) 665-0311
  • Federal Disaster Assistance (FEMA): 1-800-621-3362
  • American Red Cross: 1-800-975-7585



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